The World Health Organization (WHO) is the directing and coordinating authority for public health within the United Nations system. Since it was established in 1948, WHO has been convening the world’s top health experts, defining solutions, delivering guidelines and mobilizing governments, health workers and partners to positively impact people’s health.
As part of its mandate, WHO works in close collaboration with other UN agencies, donors, non-governmental organizations (NGOs), WHO collaborating centres and the private sector.
The World Health Organization’s role includes:
- providing leadership on matters critical to health and engaging in partnerships where joint action is needed;
- shaping the research agenda and stimulating the generation, translation and dissemination of valuable knowledge;
- setting norms and standards and promoting and monitoring their implementation;
- articulating ethical and evidence-based policy options;
- providing technical support, catalysing change, and building sustainable institutional capacity; and
- monitoring the health situation and assessing health trends.
the WHO Regional Office for Africa (WHO-AFRO)
The WHO Regional Office for Africa, based in Brazzaville, Republic of Congo, is one of the six regional offices of WHO. It serves the WHO African region, which comprises 47 Member States.
The Regional Office, together with country & liaison offices in 47 countries of the region, works with governments, specialized agencies, partners and other stakeholders in the field of public health to build the capacity of national governments to improve their people’s health as well as gather, analyse and disseminate information on solutions to public health problems . Countries of the Region are represented in the World Health Assembly, WHO Executive Board and Regional Committee for Africa.
WHO AFRO’s Immunization and Vaccine-Preventable Diseases Programme provides technical support to countries in the African Region in order to contribute to the reduction of disease, disability and death due to vaccine preventable diseases through achieving and sustaining high immunisation coverage, eradicating poliomyelitis, eliminating neonatal tetanus, controlling yellow fever and introducing new vaccines.
For more about WHO’s work on immunization in the African region, please click here.
the WHO Regional Office for the Eastern Mediterranean (WHO-EMRO)
The WHO Regional Office for the Eastern Mediterranean, based in Cairo, Egypt, is one of the six regional offices of WHO. It serves the WHO Eastern Mediterranean region, which comprises 21 Member States and the occupied Palestinian territory (West Bank and Gaza Strip).
The Regional Office, together with country offices in 18 countries of the region, works with governments, specialized agencies, partners and other stakeholders in the field of public health to develop health policies and strengthen national health systems. Countries of the Region are represented in the World Health Assembly, WHO Executive Board and Regional Committee for the Eastern Mediterranean.
WHO EMRO’s vaccine-preventable diseases and immunization programme aims to control, eliminate or eradicate all vaccine-preventable diseases in the Eastern Mediterranean Region through promoting the use of vaccines and technologies of assured quality and ensuring safe immunization practices.
For more information on WHO’s work on immunization in the Eastern Mediterranean region, please click here.